Instructional Design


Instructional Design (ID), also known as Instructional Systems Design (ISD) or recently as Learning Experience Design (LXD), is the practice to systematically design, develop and deliver Instructional solutions and experiences, both digital and face-to-face, in a consistent and reliable way toward an efficient, effective, appealing, engaging, and inspiring acquisition of knowledge. The process consists broadly of determining the learners’ needs and business needs, defining the end goal of Instruction, and creating “interventions” to assist in the transition. There are many Instructional Design models, and many are based on the most popular ADDIE model with the five phases: Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, and Evaluation. While there are more than 30 ID models, this course includes some of the popular ones which participants will find useful to do the projects.


  • Enabling the participants to carry out the role performance as Instructional Designer or Instructional Developer
  • Focusing on Processes, Tools, Frameworks, Strategies, Methodologies (Theories and Models) to equip the participants
  • Developing / Enhancing the Competencies for the role performance


  • Able to differentiate learning approaches and preferences of Adult Learners
  • Apply their knowledge in conducting the needs assessment (TNA & TNI)
  • Apply their knowledge in designing and developing classroom program, instruction, course, an e-learning course or in- demand solution following the ID processes for Adult Learners
  • Apply their knowledge to create educational materials, Learning Experience & Learning Impact


Module 1:

Learning and Retention Process, Adult Learning Styles, Adult Learning Theories and Principles, Learner Analysis, 3 Domains of Learning – Cognitive, Affective, Psychomotor, Taxonomy of Learning, Human Performance Improvement (HPI) or Human Performance Technology (HPT) context, Integrating HPI/HPT and LXD, Role of Instructional Designer/Developer, Evolution of Instructional Design, Great 50 ID Acronyms one should know for Instructional Design career

Module 2: Evolution of ID Theories and Models

ID Theories and Models one should know of and are included in the syllabus,
  • ADDIE is the fundamental to most Models
  • Backward Design/Understanding by Design (UbD)
  • Design Thinking framework
  • VARK learning styles
  • ARCS motivational design Model
  • CCAF
  • Mager-Piper
  • David Kolb’s Learning Model
  • Honey Mumford
  • Krathwohl’s Affective Domain
  • Bloom’s Taxonomy
  • Cathy Moore’s Action Mapping
  • Gagne 9 Events of Learning
  • SAM (Successive Approximation Model)
  • Agile or rapid prototyping
  • Kemp, Dick, and Carey Design
  • Reigeluth’s Elaboration Theory
  • AIDA Marketing Model
Understanding these ID Models to use for synchronous / asynchronous formats. Determining which model to use might best be decided considering various factors. Deciding which model to use need not be an overwhelming process. So long as the Instructional Designer/Developer can align components of an Instructional problem with the priorities of a particular model, they will attain success through the systematic process.

Module 3:

Need Assessment process overview, checking existing knowledge using BARS and other Assessment centers, Bloom’s Taxonomy level of Questions for deeper thinking, Krathwohl’s Affective Domain Taxonomy, Kolb’s Learning Cycle & Styles, Learner Analysis, Organization Analysis–approach, Environment/Market/Demand Analysis –approach, Performance Analysis, Data collection techniques, Overview of Competency Dictionary and Competency Mapping, Awareness of Psychometric Tools, Need Assessment report, Knowing your target audience

Module 4:

Taylor’s principles/model of curriculum design, OBE, Writing Learning Objectives based on BARS/Surveys/ data collection sources, List of Instructional Methods and Media, Psychological processes of learning covered in modules 1 & 2, Blended Learning that works, Making course and lesson outline basis on the modules 1, 2 & 3, Content Visualization, Creating a checklist of Methodologies/Artefacts/Tools/Training Aids, Trainer competencies, Overview of Storyboarding, Overview of e-learning tools like Camtasia, Articulate, Captivate and similar, SCORM/LXP, Overview of Knowledge Management System, , Selection of right exercises based on Learner’s Styles &  Edgar Dale’s cone of experience, Compiling sample Design document and Artefacts, Apply SAMR framework for enhancement and transformation, Developing materials for participants and facilitator.

Creating Formative Evaluation, summative evaluation, Assessment tools, writing items/questions.

Module 5:

3 stages on implementation: Pre coursework, During and Post course work (as per design stage), Instructional Material kit checklist, Running a Pilot and control group identification for test drive/prototyping, Coordinating Program Support and Administration, Preparing Facilitators, Using Information Processing Approach, Delivery overview (as Trainer/Facilitator/Mentor/Teacher/Coach/Consultant/Instructor), Presentation to Audience, Administering Assessment, Mini Projects and Awarding Badges/Points/Scores

Module 6:

Overview of Kirkpatrick’s 4 levels for Training Evaluation

Module 7:

Revision of Modules / Discussion of question papers / Peer Learning
Mode/Inclusive Methods in classes: Flipped Classroom, Whiteboard, Case Study Discussions, Lectures/Demonstrations, Audio-Visuals, Role Play, Class Discussion/Interactivity, Class Quizzes, Practice and QnA.

In addition, Faculty may adopt other methods as applicable.


  • Principles of Instructional Design, by Robert Gagne (Author), Walter Wager (Author), John Keller (Author), Katharine Golas (Author) (latest edition)
  • The Essentials of Instructional Design, by Abbie Brown and Timothy D. Green (Author) (latest edition)
  • Make it Stick, by Peter C. Brown (Author) (latest edition)
  • ISD From The Ground Up: A No-Nonsense Approach to Instructional Design: by Chuck Hodell (Author) (latest edition)
  • Training and Development – Dr. B Janakiraman
  • Every Trainers Handbook – Devendra Agochiya