Training Methods - Cognitive


This subject provides a basic understanding of the Cognitive Training methods in terms of their strengths and limitations related to cost, suitability to learning objectives and other factors related to their effectiveness..

These methods will allow students to demonstrate and experience the knowledge and understanding of the various Cognitive Training Methods as well as enable them to build their personal competencies.


  • Enabling the participants to understand various Cognitive Methods that can be used to conduct training and meet training objectives and learning outcomes
  • Enable participants to get in-depth understanding of each method, their pros and cons as well as guidelines for their effective uses
  • Enabling participants to select the best suitable training methods
  • Developing / Enhancing the Competencies required to use these training methods


  • Have a tool kit of methods that can help them deliver training effectively
  • Understand the pros and cons of each method as also know how to use these methods effectively
  • Be able to select the most appropriate method in terms of achieving learning objectives at the same time consider other factors that may impact the selection
  • Be able to apply the competencies gained in class while delivering training


Module 1: Introduction to Training Methods

  • Role and Importance of Training Methods
  • Classification and approaches of Training Methods
  • On-the Job and Off-the-Job Training Methods: Overview, Types, Advantages and disadvantages
  • Factors influencing choice of Training Methods

Module 2: Cognitive Training Methods – Introduction

  • Introduction to Learning Theories: Behaviorism, Cognitivism and Constructivism
  • Introduction to Cognitive Training Methods
  • Aligning training goals with organizational objectives

Module 3: Lecture Method

  • What is Lecture Method
  • Types of lectures
  • Advantages and disadvantages of using lectures
  • Practical steps for making lectures effective and more engaged
  • Avoiding typical lecture presentation errors

Module 4: Group Discussion Method & Demonstration method

  • What is Group Discussion method
  • Advantages and disadvantages; Brainstorming and Idea-generation techniques
  • Guidelines for organizing GDs – Setting up the groups, planning a GD, Dynamics of a GD, role of the group leader, preparation of group reports
  • Focus Group Discussion
  • Demonstration Method: Meaning and types
  • Steps of Training using Demonstration technique
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of Demonstration method
  • Guidelines for effectiveness of Demonstration Method
  • Live GD Session

Module 5: Case Study Method and Problem-Solving Technique

  • What is case study method and objectives of this method
  • Format of cases; Types and Classification of case studies
  • Guidelines and steps for writing a Case study
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of case study method
  • Real life case discussion
  • Problem solving method- Steps for effective problem-solving
  • Tools and Techniques of Problem-solving

Module 6: Electronic Training (ET) and its components

  • Meaning of Electronic Training (ET) and its components
  • Advantages and Disadvantages Electronic Training (ET) and its components
  • Components of Electronic Training– Meaning and how to use them effectively
    • Programmed Instructions
    • Intelligent Tutoring System
    • Interactive Media
    • Virtual Reality
  • E-training and Delivery Systems
  • LMS

Module 7:

Mode/Inclusive Methods in classes: Flipped Classroom, Whiteboard, Case Study Discussions, Lectures/Demonstrations, Audio-Visuals, Role Play, Class Discussion/Interactivity, Class Quizzes, Practice and QnA.

In addition, Faculty may adopt other methods as applicable.


  • Effective Training – Systems, strategies and practices – Blanchard, Thacker, V Anand Ram
  • Building Expertise: Cognitive Methods for Training and Performance Improvement by Ruth Clark, Kindle Edition (3rd Edition)
  • Training and Development – Dr. B Janakiraman
  • Every Trainers Handbook – Devendra Agochiya
  • Training and Development – Dr. B Janakiraman
  • Every Trainers Handbook – Devendra Agochiya